Examining whether Medical Students Demonstrate Stigmatized Attitudes based on Cultural Background of Alcohol Dependent Patients
The consumption of alcohol or drugs, and dependence do exist in the Middle East despite the religious, social and cultural constraints. Stigma seems to exist in every area of life for individuals with mental illness and represents a major barrier to effective rehabilitation and reintegration of these patients. In the Middle Eastern cultures, negative attitudes toward patients with mental illnesses are common. However, there is a lack of studies that investigate the attitudes of professionals towards alcohol dependent patients.
1) Demonstrate a summary of the stigma literature relative to cultural influences on stigmatized attitude toward alcohol-dependent patients.
2) Demonstrate results of qualitative pilot study of medical students response to vignettes of alcohol-dependent patients of different cultural backgrounds.
Systemic review of major databases to represent data from Middle Eastern countries. Focus group and cognitive interviewing with medical students from the Middle East to assess whether medical students demonstrate stigmatized attitudes based on cultural background of alcohol dependent patients.
1) Preliminary findings indicate that little research has been done on the Middle Eastern countries on stigmatized attitude toward alcohol dependent patients.
2) Medical students have reactions indicative of stigmatizing attitudes when presented with cases depicting an Arab-Muslims with alcohol use disorders, compared to less stigma is associated with European depicted patients.
Medical students believe that alcohol-dependence is a disease and alcohol-dependents are not necessarily come from the lower socio-economic strata of society. Although they believe that the alcohol-dependent is not able to control his drinking behavior, they believe that most alcoholics do, and can be helped to, recover from alcohol-dependence.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Demonstrate a summary of the stigma literature relative to cultural influences on stigmatized attitude toward alcohol-dependent patients. Demonstrate results of qualitative pilot study of medical students response to vignettes of alcohol-dependent patients of different cultural backgrounds.
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a doctoral candidate holding an MD and MSc degrees. I have been working on this research area throughout my doctoral studies.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.