Online Program

Development of a Chinese Version of the Postpartum Women Health Quotient Scale

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Shenxian Wan, Master, School of Nursing, Soochow University, suzhou, China
Huiling Li, PhD, School of Nursing, Soochow University, suzhou, China
Pamela Hinds, School of Medicine, Children’s National Medical Center, The George Washington University, Washington, Washington, DC
Jichuan Wang, PhD, Center for Translational Science Children's Research Institute, Children's National Medical Center, Bowie, MD
Health Quotient (HQ) is a simple health screening tool. The authors of this study have developed a Postpartum Women Health Quotient Scale (PWHQS) for measuring five HQ subscales: health consciousness, knowledge on both maternal health and infant health, and ability of maintaining both maternal and infant health among Chinese postpartum women. Semi-structured interviews and two rounds of Delphi expert consultation were conducted to construct the original 42 items of PWHQS. A total of 395 puerperal women were recruited for interview from two inpatient clinics in Jiangsu Province, China. To assess the factorial structure of the PWHQS, we first used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to examine the underlying factorial structure without imposing a preconceived structure on the items. Based on the results of EFA, 31 items were selected to confirm the factorial structure using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). While both five-factor CFA model and bifactor model fit data very well, bifactor model is preferred because it fit data better and identified a meaningful general HQ factor in addition to the five domain-specific factors. Our findings provide evidence that the PWHQAS can be readily applied to measure health quotient of postpartum women in China.

Learning Areas:

Advocacy for health and health education
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Public health or related nursing
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe Health Quotient theory, Semi-structured interviews’ and Delphi experts' result of PWHQS. Discuss findings of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of PWHQS. Compare 5- factor CFA model and bifactor CFA model.

Keyword(s): Mental Health, Methodology

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am professor of the George Washington University School of Medicine. I have been doing research on public health for over 20 years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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