Online Program

Exploring Social Quality and Community Health Outcomes: An Ecological Model

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Minsoo Jung, PhD, MPH, Department of Health Science, Dongduk Women's University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
Quality of life is widely used as a measure of individual well-being in developed countries. Social quality (SQ), however, describes how favorable the socio-environmental components are that impact the life chance of an individual. Despite the associations between social quality including institutional capacity and citizen capacity and other community indicators, the impact of SQ on community health status has not been fully examined. We investigated the interrelationships among institutional capacity, citizen capacity, and their associations with community-level health indicators such as mortality and suicide among 230 local governments in South Korea. Under the principles of conceptual suitability, clarity, reliability, consistency, changeability, and comparability, we collected a total of 81 SQ indicators and thus selected 19 indicators of the 81 indicators. The 19 indicators were transformed by the imputation of missing values, standardization, and geographic information system transformation. We found that the health outcome of local government was superior as social welfare, political participation, and education were higher. According to the result of the regression analysis based on the regional type, social welfare had the most influence on the health level of local government in both metropolis and small/medium-sized cities. In addition, education and political participation had a positive effect on the health indicator of local metropolis government. Therefore, small/medium-sized cities need to promote the collective health of the local government through improving social welfare, and metropolises need to consider the complex relationship among other indicators while increasing the level of social welfare and education.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Identify the impact of social quality (SQ) indicators on community health outcomes. Analyzed correlations of the six social quality (SQ) indicators and community health outcomes by regional type. Compared four representative types of the social quality indicators among 230 local governments using radar charts. Discuss the community to achieve improvements in health status if SQ-related works are undertaken by community residents. Reduce health-related inequalities and enhance SQ of the community.

Keyword(s): Community Health Planning, Community Development

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content I am responsible for because I am a PhD in public health. I have published more than ten articles in the international peer-reviewed journal regarding this issue.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.