Online Program

Haitian Migration to Brazil and Local Social Response in the Amazon State of Mato Grosso: Networking with the Immigrant Community to Improve Health Conditions

Monday, November 2, 2015 : 9:30 a.m. - 9:45 a.m.

C. Eduardo Siqueira, MD, ScD, College of Public and Community Service, UMass Boston, Boston, MA
Ana Paula Muraro, Ana Paula Muraro, Collective Health Institute, UFMT Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brazil
Leonardo Cavalcanti, Centro de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação sobre as Américas (CEPPAC), UNB University of Brasília, Brasília/DF, Brazil
Maria Ângela Martins, Collective Health Institute, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brazil
Cláudia Paes de Barros, Linguist Institute, UFMT Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brazil
Welder Queiroz dos Santos, Law School, UFMT Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brazil
Fabiano Tonaco Borges, Fabiano Tonaco Borges, Collective Health Institute, Federal Fluminese University UFF, Cuiabá, Brazil
Since 2012 there has been a new and intense flow of Haitians immigrants to Mato Grosso, a state with low population density situated in the Brazilian Amazon. In this study we discuss the characteristics of this migration and analyze the response by local authorities and civil society to it. We conducted a community-based participatory action research as well offered services to the Haitian migrant community. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study based on data from the the Annual Report of Social Information (RAIS in Portuguese) and the Registry of Haitians from the House of Migrants, a Catholic Church organization located in Cuiabá, capital of Mato Grosso. We collected socio-economic data on Haitian immigrants from 2012 to 2014 to characterize their workforce profile stratified by age, gender, average income, occupation, and education level. We also used participatory methods to carry out a case study about their three major demands: Portuguese classes, legal assistance, and health care. We also discuss the role of civil society, which mobilized itself faster than the government to address the social needs of Haitians. Our evidence suggests that Haitians earn low wages and are more vulnerable to poor work conditions. There are bureaucratic barriers to access social policies in Brazil, even though the National Immigration Council (CNIg in Portuguese) has played an important role in the integration of Haitians. We conclude that the best response came from the State Education Council thanks to black movement representatives in the Council.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the recent Haitian migration to Brazil and the integration of Haitians into the job market in the state of Mato Grosso. Analyze the response from civil society and government to this new migratory flow. Discuss the partnership with the Haitian migrant community to conduct community-based participatory action research on the integration of Haitians in Brazilian society and their health conditions.

Keyword(s): Community Health Programs, Immigrant Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am part of the team that developed the proposal and implemented this project in Brazil. I am a scholar of immigration and its effects on health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.