Health Priorities: How do Health Departments, Community Members, and Health Indicators Compare?
Methods: Six counties were chosen to be a part of the study. Two focus groups, each with 10-12 community members, were conducted for each county. Focus group participants were recruited using convenience and snowball sampling techniques and split into session based on native language (English/Spanish) and/or age (under/over 35 years). Focus groups were recorded, transcribed, and thematically coded. Community member data were compared to priorities obtained from each county’s most recent County Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) report and 2014 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation County Health Rankings & Roadmaps health indicator data.
Results: Access to health care (transportation, insurance) and nutrition were the leading community concerns. The most common CHIP goals were increasing access to health care (83%); and reducing teen pregnancies (66%), sexually transmitted infections (50%), and obesity (50%). Leading health indicators across all counties were low access to exercise, high rates of teen births, and low access to health care providers.
Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest some agreement between community members, health indicator data, and health administration priorities. Access to care was listed as a factor among all three sources, but other priorities diverged between community members, health indicator data, and health administrations.
Learning Areas:Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences
Identify perceived needs and concerns of the county via a qualitative assessment of key leaders and community members. Compare and contrast priorities between stakeholders and health indicators of the community.
Keyword(s): Community Health Planning, Policy/Policy Development
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a research assistant for the Rural South Public Health Training Center with considerable qualitative training and experience. Policy/funding priority concordance/discordance with community perceptions is one of my scientific interests.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.