Online Program

Risk Increase of Young Adult Obesity with GIS Mapping of Higher Problematic Areas of Obesity using Student's Residential Zip-Code for Health Program Initiative (Pilot)

Monday, November 2, 2015

Lauren Dixon, BS, School of Graduate Studies and Research, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN
Chau-Kuan Chen, Ed.D, School of Graduate Studies, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN
Kimberlee Wyche, MD, MPH, College of Health Science, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN
Vanisha Brown, PhD, MPH, School of Graduate Studies and Research - Division of Public Health Practice, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN
Obesity has a greater risk increase among African-American adults (51%) than any other ethnical or racial background according to CDC obesity data. Trends in obesity usually start with a young adult’s diet and nutrition (age 18-24), and the greatest obesity rates are within the ages of 18-29. This study is made to show trends of diet and nutrition in young adults (men and women between the ages of 18-24) at Tennessee State University (TSU) during their transition into college based on health behaviors from surveys collected. Geographical Information System (GIS) will be used to show the mapping of student’s origin, based on their residential FIPS code. Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) will be used to show which areas contributes greatly to young adult obesity, by use of significant variables using spatial analysis. Using the Social-Ecologic Model will provide a sequential layout of social stages for the student(s) in regards to “being healthy” (mentally and physically), and what factors can be addressed in health behavior(s) for the student, as they continue their education within their environment. Results will help to show what development and implementation methods are needed to reverse and/or hinder the impact of results in young adult obesity, based on particular behaviors that impact their transition from residential location to college. This study will hopefully be useful in program development and implementation to other HBCU campuses such as Fisk University and Meharry Medical College in the Nashville area, in hope to expand to all HBCU’s nationwide.

Learning Areas:

Biostatistics, economics
Environmental health sciences
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Explain contributing factors of young adult obesity by mapping origin, which will show areas of impact. Demonstrate Geographically Information System (GIS) by mapping student clusters based on FIPS code. Compare student residential origin to health behaviors that impact young adult obesity. Analyze contributing factors of health behaviors that significantly contribute to young adult obesity. Explain use of spatial analysis in mapping using GIS. Demonstrate use of Social-Ecologic model in social science based on health behavior. Identify potential methodology of campus health initiative(s) locally and nation-wide.

Keyword(s): Obesity, Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified for principal or co-principal of this study, because I have served on multiple federal grant funded research that focus in public health education and internal medicine research. With my interest and competence within the Public Health field, I have helped to develop surveys for program development, written approved grants for health educational programs, and analyzed data with mapping systems during my current and previous educational experience.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.