Online Program

Effects of public health workforce training on knowledge, perceptions and intention to address health disparities

Tuesday, November 3, 2015 : 11:00 a.m. - 11:15 a.m.

Marshare Penny, DrPH, Department of Health Science, California Baptist University, Riverside, CA
Aaron Gardner, MA, MPH, Epidemiology and Program Evaluation Branch, Riverside University Health System - Public Health, Riverside, CA
Naomi Modeste, DrPH, Health Promotion and Education, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA
Helen Hopp Marshak, PhD, MCHES, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Patti Herring, PhD, RN, School of Public Health, Department of Health Promotion & Education, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Public health staff have a unique role in the effort to establish health equity.  This study examined the effects of an intervention aimed to educate public health staff on the relationship between health inequities and disparities.  The intervention, Improving Health for All Discussion Series (IHA), is a six-module training program, adapted from the Public Health 101 Dialogue Series developed by Alameda County Public Health Department in California.  The purpose of IHA is to educate and facilitate dialogue among Riverside County Department of Public Health staff on health equity and the importance role of community engagement and partnerships. 

The IHA program is used to ensure that all staff have an understanding of the importance of the social determinants of health; its association with poor health outcomes and health disparities; and the role of non-traditional partnerships (businesses, urban planning, etc.) in addressing disparities and inequities.  The evaluation was conducted using a retrospective pretest design to collect pretest and posttest survey data from participants (n=173) on knowledge and key theory of planned behavior variables following a workplace intervention to promote the development of strategies to address health disparities. 

Analyses using nonparametric tests were performed to examine changes resulting from the intervention and differences between those with and without formal public health training.  Posttest responses were significantly higher than pretest responses for all variables.  This session will discuss the impact of the intervention on perceptions of public health staff in developing strategies to reduce health disparities and this the implication to public health practice.

Learning Areas:

Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss the general and specific findings of this research. List one strength and one limitation of the research design. Discuss the implications of these research findings for public health practice.

Keyword(s): Health Disparities/Inequities, Workforce Development

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the lead researcher on this project, responsible for the development, implementation and evaluation of the research study. I am also one of the lead developers of this training program, and have been responsible for the facilitation of the material covered in this training series.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.