Online Program

Impact of Motivational Intervention to Promote a Healthy Lifestyle among College Students Participating in a Program to Prevent Binge Drinking

Sunday, November 1, 2015

Donna M. Kazemi, PhD, College of Health and Human Services,School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC
Maureen Levine, PhD, Psychology, Walden University, Minneapolis, MN
Heavy alcohol use is a major global public health problem facing colleges and universities. College students engage in many unhealthy habits and risk behaviors including poor nutrition, inadequate exercise, unprotected sexual behaviors, and binge drinking. Objective: This longitudinal study compared the health promotion behaviors, personality traits, and alcohol use in two groups of students, mandated and a voluntary group. Both groups participated in the alcohol Motivational Intervention (MI) program for high risk alcohol drinking. Methods: Freshmen (710 voluntary, 190 mandated, N = 900) between the ages of 18 and 21, received the MI at baseline and again at 2 weeks, with boosters at 3, 6 and 12 months. Participants completed three measures the Daily Drinking Questionnaire (DDQ); Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS), and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLPII). Mandated and Voluntary participants were compared using two sample t-test for continuous variables (global health, personality traits, drinking measures), and chi-square test for categorical variables (gender, ethnicity). Results: MI program had a positive influence on both mandated and voluntary students.  Associations were demonstrated between alcohol consumption, personality traits, gender, and lifestyles health behaviors. In both groups alcohol consumption dropped significantly by 12 months. Global health, physical activity, stress management, and interpersonal relations improved in both groups between baseline and 12 months. Impulsivity and hopelessness traits were associated with poor health behaviors. Conclusions: Intervention programs need to consider a comprehensive design that addresses developmental dynamics of freshmen students, such as gender, psychosocial, personality, and lifestyle health behaviors.

Learning Areas:

Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss the impact of Motivational Intervention promoting healthy lifestyle among college students.

Keyword(s): Alcohol Use, Health Promotion and Education

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Dr, Kazemi, PhD, MSN, RN, is a faculty member in the School of Nursing at the University of North Carolina- Charlotte. Her program of research has focused on addictive behaviors has focused upon applied and clinically relevant research among populations at high risk for developing substance abuse such as young adults, college students, military personnel, and traditionally underserved ethnic minority populations. An expert in the assessment and treatment of alcohol problems among vulnerable populations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.