Quantifying Falls and Fall-related Injuries Among U.S. Adults
Methods: We used data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 2008 supplement to provide a national estimate of falls, and pooled data from the NHIS (2004 to 2013) to calculate an estimate of fall-related injuries in the U.S. and their trend over the years 2004 to 2013.
Results: Twelve percent of U.S. adults reported falling in the previous year with a total of eight million falls at a rate of 37.2 falls per 100 person-years. On average 9.9 million fall-related injuries were reported each year with a rate of 4.38 fall-related injuries per 100 person-years. The number of fall-related injuries in middle-aged adults and older adults was similar, and 68% of fall-related injuries occurred in young and middle-aged adults. The rate of fall-related injuries was higher among middle-aged women 55-64 years old than older men 65-74 years old. We found obesity and self-reported health status were significantly associated with fall-related injuries. The age-gender adjusted rate of fall-related injuries among U.S. adults has been increasing over the years 2004-2013.
Conclusion: Falls and fall-related injuries represent a significant public health problem for adults of all ages, thus adult fall prevention efforts should encompass the entire adult lifespan to ensure the greatest public health benefit.
Public health or related education
Describe burden of falls among U.S. adults. Describe burden of fall-related injuries among U.S. adults. Discuss trend of fall-related injuries among U.S. adults.
Keyword(s): Surveillance, Aging
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal or co-principal investigator of multiple research studies focusing on injury epidemiology and falls and fall-related injuries. Among my scientific interests has been examining occupational and non-occupational risk factors for falls and fall-related injuries.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.