Assessment of facilities, safety conditions and prevalence of accident in selected public secondary schools in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria
A descriptive cross-sectional survey, using a 10-point and 17-point scale to assess respondents’ knowledge and attitude on unsafe conditions and accidents was adopted. Microbiological analysis of food from vendors and on-site observations of schools facilities and sanitary conditions were assessed using 14-item and 21-item checklist respectively. Water quality was analyzed using standard methods and compared with WHO standards. Data were analyzed using SPSS (20.0).
Mean age of respondents was 14.69±2.0 years and 38.7% reported overcrowding (40-59 per class) Only 39.4% of them had access to water, 25.5% uses basket with cover as waste storage container and 68.8% engaged in waste burning as disposal method. Precisely 42% uses Pit latrine for excreta disposal. About half (56.7%), reported schools’ food vendor as the major source of their food. Only 7.5% and 4.8% of the respondents have good knowledge and attitude on unsafe acts, conditions and accidents respectively. Many (96.2%) have had accidents in the schools. Heavy metals detected were below the WHO standards while E coliwere not detected. All school facilities had poor sanitary conditions and there was absence of safety programs in the schools.
High occurrence of accidents among the students could be attributed to deplorable conditions and poor safety practices and awareness. Therefore, there is a need to improve safety education and practices in public secondary schools.
Learning Areas:Basic medical science applied in public health
Environmental health sciences
Occupational health and safety
Public health biology
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health
Assess facilities, safety conditions and prevalence of accident in selected public secondary schools in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria.
Keyword(s): College Students, Occupational Health and Safety
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content I am responsible for because I play a major role in the project.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.