Online Program

Assessing acceptability and needs of mobile-based health intervention for people living with HIV/AIDS in China: Perspectives from health care providers and patients

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Y. Alicia Hong, PhD, School of Public Health, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
Yan Guo, Ph.D., School of Public Health, Sun Yet-sen University, Guangzhou, China
Cui Yang, PhD, Health, Behavior and Society, JOhns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
Weiping Cai, M.D., Department of HIV/AIDS Care, Guangzhou No.8 People's Hospital, Guangzhou, China
Huifang Xu, M.D., Department of HIV/AIDS and STD, Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, China
Background: Mobile tools, especially smart phones and Internet, have been increasingly used in HIV continuum of care. However, such interventions are limited in China, a country with the largest number of Interne users and high rate of smartphone ownership. This study aims to assess the acceptability of mobile-based HIV continuum of care among Chinese PLWHA and their specific needs.

Methods: We conducted qualitative interviews with 18 healthcare providers and 13 PLWHA in a large city in South China. Each individual in-depth interview was audio-taped and transcribed verbatim. We used thematic content analysis with Atlas ti to analyze the data.

Results:  All healthcare providers welcome the idea of mobile-based intervention for PLWHA. Some had used some online social media for basic outreach and communication with patients. They believed mobile tools could facilitate patient-provider communication, update information with patients, and enhance social support for PLWHA. Most PLWHA supported a mobile-based program with a few exceptions of elderly who didn’t use smartphones. Patients were especially eager to receive up-to-date information on medical treatment, available resources for PLWHA, counseling on reproductive and sexual health, and mental health services. They also expressed concerns on privacy and confidentiality with mobile-based program.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Communication and informatics
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe the advantages and challenges of mobile-based programs for PLWHA. Identify the needs of HIV continuum care from the perspective of both healthcare providers and PLWHA. Design culturally-appropriate strategies of using mobile tools to provide care and services for PLWHA in middle- and low-income countries.

Keyword(s): Telehealth, HIV/AIDS

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have 15 years of experience of doing research on behavioral intervention on HIV/AIDS.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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