Online Program

Health Conditions of Haitian Immigrants in Mato Grosso, Brazil: Is Their Right to Health Care at Stake?

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Ana Paula Muraro, Ana Paula Muraro, Collective Health Institute, UFMT Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brazil
Fabiano Tonaco Borges, Fabiano Tonaco Borges, Collective Health Institute, Federal Fluminese University UFF, Cuiabá, Brazil
Cassia Carraco Palos, Cassia Palos, Collective Health Institute, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brazil
Maria Ângela Martins, Collective Health Institute, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brazil
Marta de Lima Castro, Marta de Lima, Collective Health Institute, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá-MT, Brazil
C. Eduardo Siqueira, MD, ScD, College of Public and Community Service, UMass Boston, Boston, MA
Free and universal health care is a constitutional mandate in Brazil, regardless of nationality, provided by the Brazilian Unified Health Systems (SUS). We aimed at describing health conditions of Haitians immigrants, their search for health care, the frequency of perceived chronic diseases and prevalence of high blood pressure. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a probabilistic sample of Haitians in Cuiabá, capital of the state of Mato Grosso. We collected data from January to February 2015. To calculate the size of the sample, we used as reference the 1,000 Haitians who first received care by the Pastoral Center for Migrants of Cuiabá, from November 2012 to June 2014. Our sample is composed of 450 individuals. Only 1.3% refused to answer the survey. Of 444 Haitians interviewed only 16.9% were females. We will present the socio-demographic profile and self-assessment of health before and after migration. Our survey included questions on preexisting conditions, usage of prescription drugs, self-medication, utilization of health care services (i.e. emergence room, hospitals, or primary care, type of health care provider (public or private), access to dental care, and vaccination. We conclude that the Brazilian SUS is facing challenges in delivering services to this population.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education

Learning Objectives:
Describe Haitians’ perceptions about their health before and after immigration from Haiti to Brazil. Identify perceived health conditions and the prevalence of high blood pressure; Discuss the search for health care by Haitian immigrants and the challenges faced by the Brazilian Unified Health System.

Keyword(s): Immigrant Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have participated in the project from the beginning and am familiar with health issues affecting immigrant Haitians in Braziil. I have studied similar issues facing Brazilian immigrants in the United States for over a decade now.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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