ROC711 School-based Intervention Program on Myopia Prevention – a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial in Taiwan
METHODS: This was a cluster randomized controlled trial on myopia prevention. Elementary schools in Taiwan were stratified into 4 areas in northern, middle, southern and western. Within each area, schools were randomly selected as intervention or control group. In the intervention group, the grade 1 schoolchildren were encouraged to go outdoors during the recess time and parents were also suggested to have more outdoor activities with their children. Outcome measurements included eye examination, cycloplegic refraction, wearing light meter recorder and questionnaire.
RESULTS: A total of 16 schools completed the 1-year ROC711 program. There were 7 schools (n=285) in the intervention group and 9 schools (n=431) in the control group. The intervention group spent 1 hour more than the control group did in the weekdays and weekend respectively, and had statistical significant less myopic shift than the control group (0.09D, 95%CI=0.02~0.15, p=0.008). In addition, it also had statistically significant less myopic shift and less axial length elongation than the control group (0.12D and 0.04mm, p = 0.001 and 0.016 respectively) with adjustment of covariates.
CONCLUSION: The results of this ROC711 intervention program suggest that 1 year course of this program could have the effect to reduce myopia progression and axial length elongation. The implementation of this program can be promoted for myopia prevention in Taiwan elementary school system.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Public health administration or related administration
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research
Demonstrate a vision care program for myopia prevention with increased outdoor time in schoolchildren.
Keyword(s): Vision Care
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal of the government funded grants focusing on the prevention of myopia in children. Among my scientific interests has been the development of strategies for preventing myopia and management of myopia complications to prevent blindness.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.