Examination of breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) levels, alcohol-related problems, and alcohol-related injuries among bar-attending college students
Methods:We conducted a series of four anonymous field studies to examine BrAC levels, alcohol-related problems (using AUDIT-C), and alcohol-related injuries among a sample of bar patrons in the primary area of town where students frequent (N = 766). We conducted a Chi-square analysis and a one-way ANOVA to examine associations between these measures.
Results:Among participants in our sample, the average BrAC level was .076 (SD = .055; range = .000 to .259). The majority of participants (584; 76.2%) met the threshold (AUDIT-C score of > 4 for males or > 3 for females) for a potential alcohol-related problem and 47 (6.1%) experienced an alcohol-related injury in the past year. Our analyses indicated that:
(1) Participants classified by the AUDIT-C as having an alcohol-related problem were significantly more likely to have experienced an alcohol-related injury in the past year (X2=12.9, p < .001).
(2) The BrAC of participants who experienced an alcohol-related injury in the past year (.108) was significantly higher (p < .001) than participants who had not experienced an injury (.074).
Conclusions: Both our measures confirmed that alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems correlate with experiencing alcohol-related injuries.
Learning Areas:Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Explain the association between alcohol-related injuries and alcohol-related problems among participants in this sample. Describe the association between alcohol-related injuries and BrAC among participants in this sample.
Keyword(s): College Students, Alcohol Use
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have studied alcohol and other addictions for approximately 10 years. My work has led to 20+ peer-reviewed publications and numerous professional presentations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.