Etiology of Gender-based Violence Among Latino Immigrants: Negotiating Changes in Context and Culture
Methods: We conducted a study (2008-2011) that explored GBV among Latinos in Langley Park. Fifty-six semi-structure interviews were conducted with men/women, ages 15-60. Respondents were asked about GBV in the origin country, during migration, and while in the U.S. We explored factors in the following domains: individual; family/partner/household; community/neighborhood; and social-cultural. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed and analyzed using QSR NVivo. Key findings from the interviews are presented.
Results:Participants identified contributors at multiple SEM levels. Individual factors (depression, alcohol consumption, legal status) and relationship circumstances (temporary relationships, sequential migration, employment, infidelity) were mentioned. Participants identified community-level factors (limited services, undocumented population) and adjustment to a new social-cultural context (gender role norms, rights of women, more strictly enforced laws protecting women) as factors contributing to GBV.
Conclusions: Study findings enhance the knowledge base of GBV etiology among Latino immigrants in the U.S. Findings have implications for service providers and policy regarding the health of new immigrants. It is imperative to increase access to services that are responsive to contributing factors identified in this study. Immigrant GBV disparities must be understood and addressed using a trajectory approach, recognizing home country and U.S. experiences.
Learning Areas:Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe the etiology of gender-based violence among immigrant Latinos. Explain Latino immigrants' experience with gender-based violence using a trajectory approach Discuss implications related to service provision and policies for immigrant populations experiencing gender-based violence.
Keyword(s): Domestic Violence, Latinos
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a behavioral researcher with over ten years working in the field. For the study being presented, I was the Study Director and was responsible for the majority of the data collection and analysis.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.