Online Program

Pregnant Adolescents' Family Formation and Perceived Partner Supportiveness in Early Pregnancy and Postpartum

Sunday, November 1, 2015

Peggy Smith, PhD, Teen Health Clinics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
Ruth Buzi, Ph.D., OB/GYN, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
Claudia Kozinetz, Ph.D., East Tennessee State University, College of Public Health East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN
Melissa Peskin, PhD, Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston, Houston, TX
Constance Wiemann, Ph.D., Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
This study examined the impact of a prenatal program on pregnant adolescents’ family formation and perceptions of partner support.  The sample included 173 predominantly minority pregnant adolescents ages 15 to 18 who were enrolled in a prenatal program and followed one month postpartum.  Pregnant adolescents were assigned to either an intervention group utilizing Centering Pregnancy (CP) prenatal care and case management, or to a comparison group receiving case management only.  Subjects provided information about their education, marital status, socioeconomic level and sources of material and financial support.   Family formation included living and relationship arrangements. Perceived partner support included several aspects of emotional and financial support.  Chi-square, t-tests and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to measure changes in family formation and perceived partner support over time.  There were several statistically significant changes within family formation between program entry and one month postpartum. There were no significant differences in perceived partner support for participants whose partners did and did not attend sessions.  However, participants reported significantly more perceived support from their partners at both baseline and postpartum when their partners attended at least one session than partners who did not attend any sessions. As a significant number of male partners are present at the beginning of pregnancy, working with couples prenatally to enhance relationships can be promising.  Given the enormous social costs associated with teen pregnancy, it is very important to identify, and then invest in, innovative strategies to improve the health and welfare of young mothers and their children.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Provision of health care to the public
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Identify partner support domains during pregnancy Identify females' expectations about partner support Discuss innovative strategies to improve the health and welfare of young pregnant females

Keyword(s): Adolescents, Maternal and Child Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I hold an advanced degree in the field and has worked in this area for over 40 years. Also, I have published numerous articles in the area of adolescent health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.