Online Program

Race, Gender and Age Differences in Diabetes Self-Management Practices

Wednesday, November 4, 2015

Nicolette Warren, MS, MCHES, Director of Health Equity, Society for Public Health Education, Washington, DC
Naomi Modeste, DrPH, Health Promotion and Education, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA
Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates 29.1 million of the population were living with diabetes in 2012.  Diabetes is likely to develop in middle aged and older adults and prevalence of diabetes is highest in adults 65 years of age and older.  Among seniors 11.2 million or 25.9% live with diabetes. Diabetes complications in older adults occur more frequently and are associated with poorer outcomes than diabetes complications in younger individuals. Diabetes requires effective self-management practices and monitoring of blood glucose levels to reduce complications. Researchers have established that challenges exist for diabetics to implement effective self-management practices. The nature of these challenges depends on race, age, gender and socio-economic status. Although some relationships between demographic characteristics and adherence to self-management practices have been investigated, the relationship between gender, age and self-monitoring of blood glucose levels and other self-management practices is poorly investigated.  This cross-sectional study used data from the 2009-2012 United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to analyze the relationships between age, gender, duration of diabetes illness, an individual’s perception of one’s own health, fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, and other diabetes self-management practices in the United States. Moderated linear and logistic regression was used to analyze these relationships.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Analyze factors that foster or hinder diabetes self-management practices among older adults

Keyword(s): Diabetes, Aging

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content I am responsible for because I am the author of this dissertation proposal and experienced health educator in the field.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.