Online Program

Physical activity interventions in African American women: A recent qualitative review

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Vanessa Bland, M.S. B.S. ASCP CT, School of Health Sciences, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS
Manoj Sharma, MBBS, MCHES, Ph.D., Behavioral and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Jackson State University and Walden University, Jackson, MS
Background: Daily physical activity is highly significant in reducing the risk of chronic diseases and improving quality of life. African American women are a high risk group when it comes to physical activity. Numerous barriers account for limited physical activity among African American women such as time, work and family responsibilities. The purpose of this article is to provide a recent (2009-2015) qualitative review of physical activity interventions among African American women.

Methods: A review of literature was conducted to identify physical activity interventions implemented among African American women published between the years of 2009-2015 in six databases: Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, ERIC, MEDLINE, PsychInfo, and SPORTDiscus. PRISMA guidelines were used in retrieving the articles. A total of 10 different interventions met the inclusion criteria.

Results: All of the studies were conducted in the United States, (Alabama, California, Illinois, Mississippi and South Carolina). The sample sizes of the studies were generally small with a mean sample size of 148 women. The ages ranged between 18 and 70 years. Walking, telephone-based counseling, workshops and healthy food choices were the various strategies used by the interventionists. Several of the studies reified behavioral theories such as the transtheoretical model (n=6), social cognitive theory (n=5), social comparison theory (n=1) and the social ecological theory (n=1).

Conclusion: Interventions that incorporated social support, spirituality, theory, and healthy diet and removed environmental barriers were more effective in promoting physical activity among African American women which future interventions can incorporate.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss the current status of physical activity interventions conducted with African American women. Design effective physical activity interventions for African American women.

Keyword(s): African American, Physical Activity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: My name is Vanessa Bland and I am a Doctor of Public Health Student and I have previous experience in research. I have no financial relationships to disclose.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.