Racial/ethnic disparities in sexually transmitted infections among US young adults. - Findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2012
Methods: Data were analyzed from the 1999-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Young adults who had ever had sex (10,353) were included; 64.2% were white, 12.2% were Black, 17.6% were Hispanic and 6.1% were mixed/other race-ethnicity. Multivariate logistic regression models adjusting for sociodemographic variables were constructed to examine the associations between race/ethnicity and biologically confirmed and self-reported STIs. All analyses were weighted to account for NHANES complex sampling design.
Results: Compared to Whites, Black young adults had significantly higher odds of testing positive for HIV (AOR=10.47, 95% CI=3.45-31.79), Urine Chlamydia (AOR=4.84, 95%CI=2.97-7.90), and HSV-2 (AOR=5.55, 95%CI=4.58-6.72), but had lower odds of testing positive for HCV (AOR=0.31, 95%CI=0.14-0.71). Hispanic young adults also were more likely to test positive for HIV (AOR=4.05, 95%CI=1.17-14.02), Urine Chlamydia (AOR=2.32, 95%CI=1.27-4.24), and HSV-2 (AOR=1.35, 95% CI=1.05-1.73) than Whites. Also, Black young adults were more likely to report getting tested for HIV (AOR=2.20, 95%CI=1.89-2.55), and to report having several STIs (gonorrhea AOR=5.68, 95%CI=2.25-14.33; chlamydia AOR=4.40, 95%CI=2.25-7.68; herpes AOR=1.58, 95%CI=1.14-2.18) compared with Whites.
Conclusions: Adjusting for sociodemographic factors, race/ethnicity was significantly associated with greater odds of HIV and STIs among Black and Hispanic young adults. Findings highlight an urgent need to develop culturally appropriate interventions to address disparities in HIV and STIs.
Learning Areas:Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Demonstrate the prevalence of biologically confirmed sexually transmitted infections including HIV among U.S. young adults ages 20 to 39. Assess racial/ethnic disparities in sexually transmitted infections among U.S. young adults.
Keyword(s): Health Disparities/Inequities, HIV/AIDS
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been working in public health research for over 5 years. My research interests include health disparities among racial/ethnic minorities focused on HIV and STIs.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.