Assessing diabetes and cardiovascular disease among uninsured Latinos in Southwest Kansas
Objective: To implement a community-based screening program to identify prediabetes and cardiovascular disease among uninsured Latinos to empower them with access to preventive health screenings and knowledge.
Methods: The Ventanilla de Salud mobile program was implemented in rural Kansas in 2012 which involves partnership between academic institutions, community leaders, and the local Mexican consulate. Community health fairs are organized throughout the year with the collaboration of trained community health workers and local medical providers to disseminate culturally relevant health education and conduct primary health screenings to identify the health profile of the Latino community in Southwest Kansas.
Results: Since 2012 a total of 25 health fairs have been organized, each year screening around 900 participants mainly Hispanics (95%), uninsured (72%), between 18-40 years old (70%), and recent immigrants (26%). From 2012 to 2014, the percentage of prediabetes has increased from 10.1% to 19.4% (p<0.001), and diabetes has increased from 6.2% to 7.8% (p=0.01). Similarly, pre-hypertension measurements have kept stable with 43.5% since 2012.
Conclusion: It is necessary to assess the health of the underserved Latino community to identify community’s health needs, and provide evidence for community health interventions to eliminate existing health disparities.
Learning Areas:Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Public health or related research
Identify the health profile of the Latino community in Southwest Kansas. Explain the health disparity among diabetes and cardiovascular disease among Latinos in rural Kansas.
Keyword(s): Diabetes, Community-Based Partnership & Collaboration
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have four years of experience in public health with a focus on Latino health and health disparities. I've help develop and implement community-based participatory research programs for the past three years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.