Online Program

Assessment of Child Vaccination and Knowledge of mothers on polio vaccination in CORE Group Polio Project implementation districts in Ethiopia

Monday, November 2, 2015

Legesse Bezabih, CORE Group Polio Project, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Background:- CGPP Ethiopia has planned to extend for another five years (2013-17) and expand its operational areas in to new high risk and/or hard-to-reach areas found in different regions of the country.

 Objectives:- identify immunization coverage among children aged 12-23 months old; determine knowledge and attitude of mothers/ caretakers on polio.

 Methods:- The survey used a cross-sectional descriptive survey with a 30 by 10 modified WHO EPI cluster sampling technique. The study population was all children between 12-23 months of age and their mothers/caretakers. 

Results:- A sample of 304 children age 12-23 months and the respective mothers or care takers were included. According to respondents’ claim, BCG, Polio 3, Petavalent 3 and measles vaccination rates were 85.5%, 85.5%, 82.6% and 78.0% respectively.  On the other hand, based on vaccination card, the corresponding rates for BCG, Polio 3, Pentvalent 3 and Measles were 39.5%, 35.2%, 37.2% and 30.3% respectively. Only 75 (24.7%) where identified as fully immunized. Penta 1 – Penta 3 dropout rate was 6.6%, Penta 1 – Measles 24.0% and Penta 3 – Measles 18.6%.

Ninety six percnet (96%) reported that the child received polio vaccination during recent polio camaign. The reason missing was vaccination team didn’t visit the house. Health ealth extension workers were major source of information (45.7%) followed by community or CORE surveillance volunteers (31.8%). About 39.1% of mothers/caretakers said first polio vaccination should be given during the first two weeks of birth and 34.5% didn’t know age at first polio vaccination.


− increase vaccination coverage and discuss on the possibilities of retaining of vaccination cards.

− established mechanism to trace immunization defaulters and teach mothers/caretakers knowledge on completion of immunization.

− Improving mothers’ or caretakers’ knowledge towards vaccination timing and vaccine preventable diseases. 

− better to use campaign strategies to translate this to the routine immunization

Learning Areas:

Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Program planning
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Identify immunization coverage among children aged 12-23 months old in the selected districts; determine immunization status of under five children during NIDs and SNIDs and to determine knowledge and attitude of mothers/ caretakers on polio.

Keyword(s): Immunizations, Child Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a Public Health Specialist with an extensive experience in Maternal and Child Health (Expanded Program on Immunization), Disease surveillance, Project developments, management, Monitoring and Evaluation. I have a wide array of experience in the field of health emergency program management and coordination; and have worked as an instructor, trainer and resource person in several training and workshops.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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