Online Program

Perceptions of Power Dynamics and Sexual Decision-Making among Rural College-Age African American Women

Monday, November 2, 2015

LaTisha Oliver, DrPH(c), MA, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), African Americans accounted for nearly 44% of all new HIV infections in 2010. Although, prevalence rates for African American women have decreased by 21%, they are still twenty and five times more likely to contract the virus when compared to White and Hispanic women respectively. The CDC states that 87% of new HIV infection among African American women can be attributed to heterosexual relationships (CDC, 2014). When used correctly and consistently condoms are cited as being one of the most effective contraceptives against contracting HIV. However, barriers such as lack of condom negotiation skills may impact HIV risk among minority groups such as African American women. This research study illustrates that exploration of factors that influence sexual decision making such as condom negotiation and power dynamics can assist in creating culturally relevant HIV policies and initiatives. The immediate aim of this study is to examine the relationship between power dynamics and condom negotiation amongst rural college-age African American women. Through a qualitative exploratory study conducted at Georgia Southern University, African American women are able to provide insight into their perceptions of HIV risks.

Learning Areas:

Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss cultural and gender barriers of HIV prevention among African American women. Analyze perceptions of power dynamics and sexual decision-making among college-age African American women. Evaluate current HIV policies affecting African American women. Formulate culturally relevant HIV prevention solutions and services for African American women.

Keyword(s): Women and HIV/AIDS, African American

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the student principal investigator of HIV prevention research and I have been employed by an AIDS Service Organization for many years. I have also analyzed HIV prevention programs for women while visiting West Africa. Among my research interests has been the development of strategies for preventing HIV and STDs among underserved populations, specifically African American women.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.