Online Program

Community-wide transgender stigma reduction strategies: A grounded theory

Monday, November 2, 2015

Anne Althauser, MPH, Evan's School of Public Policy and Governance, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Michele Andrasik, PhD, EdM, MA, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
Background: Transgender individuals experience stigma and discrimination in many facets of their lives. For many transgender individuals, stigma is an enduring status that is negatively valued by our society and whose expression consequently disadvantages an individual. Within marginalized groups, the experience of discrimination based on personal characteristics instills fear of future discrimination, which provokes psychological distress. Merely knowing that one’s group is the target of discrimination may lead to negative self-appraisals, concealment of one’s stigmatized status, and expectations for future rejection. Often, transgender people learn to cope with this discrimination and stress in different, frequently ineffective, ways. While we know stigma and discrimination negatively affect the health outcomes of these individuals, we know little about how and where to intervene.

Methods: Using a grounded theory approach, results of this research will emerge organically through interviews with the transgender community sharing their lived experiences of stigma and discrimination and what they would like to see done in their communities to combat these. The study involves 60-90 minute one-on-one interviews based in grounded theory conducted with transgender-identifying men and women. This approach increases the rigor of the data by reducing researchers’ preconceived ideas of what stigma-reduction interventions should look like.

Results: Interviews scheduled through April 2015, with analysis conducted thereafter. Results are forthcoming and will be used to propose stigma reduction programs and interventions for transgender communities.  

Conclusions: Community-wide stigma reduction interventions proposed by transgender persons are urgently needed in order to alleviate the adverse health outcomes of minority stress and discrimination.

Learning Areas:

Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss promising solutions to addressing stigma community-wide as envisioned by the transgender population. Describe the experience of stigma and discrimination as reported by members of Seattleā€™s transgender population.

Keyword(s): Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT)

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a Master's of Public Health student in the Community-Oriented Public Health Practice Program at University of Washington School of Public Health. My research focuses on health disparities in marginalized populations, with an emphasis on local, national, and global transgender health. I am the principal investigator of this research, conceptualized the analysis, and wrote the abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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