Sun protection behaviour among a lifeguard population
Design: A web survey was conducted among 493 lifeguards who had previously participated in a pilot survey regarding Pool Cool. Sun protection habits were assessed by measuring six behaviours on a 4-point ordinal scale and summarized using a score adapted from previous studies. Demographic characteristics, skin cancer risk factors, knowledge of UV risks, attitudes toward suntanning, social norm, sun protection pool policies, as well as Pool Cool participation, were evaluated and summarized using mean scores when relevant.
Results: Among the 139 participants (response rate: 28%), mean sun protection behaviour score was 18,5 (SD: 3,5; min.: 8, max.: 24). Pool Cool participation, negative attitudes toward suntanning, peer sun protection behaviours, sun protection pool policies, were all associated with lifeguards' higher sun protection behaviour scores (all p<0,01) while other determinants were not.
Conclusion: This study highlights the importance for public health organizations to advocate for sun protection policies and to carry out effective skin cancer prevention programs in aquatic settings.
Learning Areas:Environmental health sciences
Occupational health and safety
Describe lifeguard’s knowledge, attitudes and behaviours with regards to sun protection. Discuss factors associated with sun protection behaviours among a lifeguard population.
Keyword(s): Occupational Health and Safety, Environmental Health
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Since 2001, I have been the principal author and co-author of public health research which as been published in peer reviewed journals. My areas of scientific interests have focused on cancer prevention, immunization as well as program evaluation.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.