A Systematic Review of HIV/AIDS Studies in U.S. Prisons
Methods: We conducted a systematic review of multiple medical databases and Google Scholar to identify behavioral, biomedical, social, and policy studies related to HIV/AIDS among U.S. prison populations from 1980 – 2014. Studies were excluded if they did not focus on HIV/AIDS, prison inmates, if they were conducted outside of the U.S., if they involved juvenile offenders, or if they included post-release outcomes.
Results: 101 articles met our study criteria. Evidence suggests that research related to the HIV/AIDS care continuum, risk-taking behaviors, gender, prevention, and policy are relevant to our understanding of the impact of HIV/AIDS interventions in the criminal justice system.
Discussion: This review provides a comprehensive, prison-specific overview of HIV/AIDS in U.S. correctional populations and highlights effective interventions, including inmate peer education.
Learning Areas:Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Discuss HIV/Prevention Interventions in Criminal Justice Settings
Keyword(s): HIV Interventions, Prisoners Health
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a PI of a federally funded grant focusing on criminal justice populations in New York City. In addition, I have published in the area of HIV/AIDS in prison settings.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.