Online Program

Opinions of Hispanic Residents of Multiunit Housing on Smoking Policies

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Angelica Delgado Rendon, M.S. Epidemiology, doctoral student in health behavior research, Keck School of Medicine, Preventive Medicine Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
Jennifer Unger, PhD., Tess Boley Cruz , PhD., Daniel Soto, MPH.

□  Background

In California, Hispanics are more likely to be exposed to secondhand and thirdhand smoke (SHS, THS) than white non-Hispanic apartment residents. The study assesses baseline knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and barriers to avoiding exposure, before testing a culturally appropriate educational tool. Results inform future health education and policy efforts.

□  Methods

Apartment buildings were randomly selected within predominantly Hispanic neighborhoods in Los Angeles.  Adult Hispanic residents completed a baseline survey in either English or Spanish about SHS and THS (n = 403).  

□  Results

Most households had personal bans against smoking inside their homes (97%) but many continue to be exposed to SHS and THS from outside their apartments, with one-third (36.5%) reporting no rules against smoking in common areas of their buildings and one third bothered by THS in their homes. Almost all (85.7%) favored a rule that bans smoking in all areas. Many participants were also concerned about exposure to marijuana side stream smoke. However, most felt they cannot control other people’s actions (84.7%) and 68% so not want “to make trouble in my building.” One quarter worried about being evicted if they complain.  English-language respondents had more positive attitudes than Spanish-language respondents towards protecting themselves against SHS (p < 0.05).

□  Conclusions

Broad smoking policies need to be implemented and respondents need help understanding their rights and strategies to create smoke free buildings.

Learning Areas:

Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Identify the necessary actions to help multi-unit housing residents protect themselves against SHS and THS from tobacco and marijuana.

Keyword(s): Tobacco Use, Behavioral Research

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a fellow working as a research assistant in this project. I am in charge of conducting the statistical analysis and collaborating in the research process with the research team. My mentors are the primary investigators in the grant.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.