Online Program

Evaluation of a Photovoice Project Among Youth to Address Tobacco in a Baltimore City Community

Tuesday, November 3, 2015 : 2:50 p.m. - 3:10 p.m.

Sherita Henry, BS, MPH, DrPH(c), School of Community Health and Policy & Prevention Sciences Research Center, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD
Timeeka Addison, CEASE Baltimore, Baltimore, MD
Fernando A. Wagner, ScD, MPH, Prevention Sciences Research Center and the Center for Health Disparities Solutions, Morgan State University School of Community Health and Policy, Baltimore, MD
Farin Kamangar, MD, PHD, School of Community Health and Policy, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD
Payam Sheikhattari, MD, MPH, School of Community Health and Policy, Morgan State University School of Community Health and Policy, Baltimore, MD
aims: The study aims to cultivate capacity and enhance leadership by allowing Baltimore City youth to become photographers and storytellers (photovoice). The study investigates the degree to which photovoice can be utilized to educate youth about tobacco issues and enhance their leadership competencies. 

methods: The study was conducted within an urban setting from two middle schools; the population was 177 students. A subset (n = 26) were randomized into either photovoice (n=12) or physical activity/nutrition comparison group (n=14). Both groups attended a seven-week summer program. Leadership characteristics of participating students such as communication and critical thinking were measured before and after the summer program. The student population (n=177) was surveyed to explore attitudes, behavior, knowledge, beliefs, and skills before and after the implementation of the project’s activities around tobacco.

results: Contrasted to the comparison group and student population, the photovoice students showed increased skills in leadership, resiliency, communication, problem solving/critical thinking, tobacco knowledge, attitudes, and behavior.  Photovoice participants took a total of 277 digital photos and developed narratives utilizing the SHOWED method; the themes included addiction, harmful effects, reasons why people smoke, special interest of tobacco companies, prevention, and solutions/empowerment.  All students identified key sources of tobacco advertisements within their community.

conclusions: Photovoice can be used as a catalyst for policy reform through advocacy and community mobilization. Data shows a significant increase in leadership skills among the photovoice participants.  The research provides primary evidence on the promising role that photovoice can have for youth education and development activities.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Advocacy for health and health education
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Public health or related education
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Explain a photovoice project and evaluation that was conducted among youth participants through exploration of tobacco related community issues.

Keyword(s): Community-Based Research (CBPR), Youth

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Sherita Henry is studying public health as a doctoral candidate. Her research experience includes: Health Disparities, Community-Based Participatory Research, Substance Abuse Prevention, Intimate Partner Violence Prevention, Maternal Child Health, and Mental Health. The photovoice project conducted for her doctoral dissertation is primary research that served as both an intervention and evaluation. Sherita Henry’s qualifications include co-authoring four CBPR posters that were presented at national conferences; she was the primary author on two of those publications.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.