Online Program

Economic Evaluation and Public Health Leadership – PRC Experience

Wednesday, November 4, 2015 : 10:50 a.m. - 11:10 a.m.

Kristina Rabarison, DrPH, MS, Applied Research and Translation Branch - CDC Division of Population Health, Atlanta, GA
Connie Bish, Ph.D., M.P.H., CDC Prevention Research Centers Program - Division of Population Health
Mehran Massoudi, Ph.D., M.P.H., CDC Prevention Research Centers Program - Division of Population Health, Atlanta, GA
Wayne H. Giles, MD, MS, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Economic evaluation contributes to evidence-based decision making by helping public health leaders and decision makers identify, measure, and compare activities with the necessary impact, scalability, and sustainability to optimize population health. However, economic evaluation is not yet broadly used or understood among public health leaders. CDC Prevention Research Centers (PRC) program leadership decided to include cost analysis (CA) for the 2014-2019 evaluation of the 26 funded PRCs. The CA would provide a systematic collection and break down of the PRC’s core research project costs and provide baseline information for future economic evaluation studies, such as cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) and cost-benefit analysis (CBA), when the PRC core research project studies are completed.This overview describes economic evaluation and its role in public health evidence-based decision making.

There are several types of economic evaluation.  This overview aims to: define and describe each type of economic evaluation; and describe the relationship between decision levels and each type of economic evaluation.  For example, a cost-benefit analysis showed sugary drink regulation in New York could avoid $3.3 to $13.2 billion (2012 USD) of premature mortality due to chronic disease and conditions.

As with epidemiology, economic evaluations are becoming another cornerstone in the foundation of public health decision making. It is essential for public health leaders to have a general knowledge of economic evaluations contribution to a comprehensive public health decision making process.

Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this abstract are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the CDC.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Administration, management, leadership
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Public health administration or related administration
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Define economic evaluation for public health practice; Describe the different types of economic evaluation (ex: cost analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis, etc.); and Explain decision level for each type of economic evaluation

Keyword(s): Economic Analysis, Health Systems Transformation

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As a CDC Prevention Effectiveness Fellow, I lead, design, and conduct decision sciences and economics studies for the CDC Prevention Research Centers Program.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.