Salud a la vida! Cheers to life! A literature review on existing interventions for HIV, hepatitis C, and substance abuse prevention for Latino young adults
Description: A literature review was conducted as part of a needs assessment in order to identify HIV/HCV and substance use interventions targeting Latino young adults (18-24 years old). Five electronic databases were searched for years 2005-2015, using the following keywords: HIV, hepatitis C, substance use, alcohol, intervention, prevention, young adult, college, university, Latino, and Hispanic. Eighteen eligible studies were identified. The literature review will guide a university and community-based organization partnership with the appropriate insight on how to design and implement an integrated culturally relevant intervention program targeting these needs.
Lessons Learned: Successful intervention strategies included the use of peers for recruitment and implementation of single-session interventions, personalized feedback, community-based participatory research, culturally-adapted motivational interviewing techniques, and university-based delivery methods.
Recommendations: A scarcity of HIV/HCV and substance use interventions targeting Latino young adults exists despite critical necessity. Though limited, previous prevention efforts have demonstrated reductions in risky sexual behaviors, substance use, and substance-related behaviors. To alleviate this disparity, prevention efforts incorporating culturally relevant themes and techniques are necessary.
Learning Areas:Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences
Discuss existing interventions for HIV, hepatitis c, and substance abuse preventions for Latino young adults Identify current methods for delivering culturally relevant interventions
Keyword(s): Needs Assessment, Latinos
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am currently a graduate research fellow involved with the Â¡Salud a la vida! Cheers to life! HIV, hepatitis c and substance abuse prevention project in addition to being a Certified Health Education Specialist completing my Masters of Public Health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.