Picturing the health of a community: A community-engaged health assessment of Weber and Morgan Counties in Utah
Tuesday, November 3, 2015
Background: Community health assessments (CHAs) are an important activity for any local health department. Results can guide both programming and policy, as well as assist in the process of gaining accreditation. Through a collaboration between the Weber-Morgan Health Department (WMHD) and Weber State University (Health Promotion and Visual Arts), the purpose of this project was to supplement the WMHD CHA with qualitative data on residents’ perspectives on the health of themselves, their families, and their community. Methods: This project utilized a two-phase, sequential research design. Phase one utilized a basic interpretive qualitative methodology with focus groups as the data collection method. Phase two utilized a participatory photovoice methodology and was influenced by results of phase one. Both visual (photographs) and narrative data were collected through participant photography and a series of meetings with project participants. An inductive, conventional content analysis approach to coding and thematic development was used to analyze both types of qualitative data. Results: Results from phase one revealed, among other themes, concerns about access to, and quality of, health care for residents who are low-income and who identify as members of minority and disadvantaged communities. Phase two participants explored these themes through photography and provided additional results that revealed issues around inequity, poverty, and mental health. Conclusions: This community-engaged and participatory methodology resulted in rich, in-depth data that served as an important component of the WMHD CHA, and, as a vehicle to disseminate assessment results (i.e., a public photography exhibit).
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Describe the value of a partnership between a local health department and an interdisciplinary academic team in order to conduct community health assessments.
Describe the use of a qualitative, community-engaged methodology in community health assessments.
Describe the perceptions of Weber and Morgan County residents around the health of themselves, their families, and their community.
Keyword(s): Community-Based Partnership & Collaboration, Community Health Assessment
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I served as the lead researcher on this portion of the community health assessment (wrote and submitted the IRB application and internal grant proposals, and, oversaw and conducted the collection, management, and analysis of the data). I have been the lead researcher on multiple studies and have a background and expertise in qualitative, participatory research methodology.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.