Anti-tobacco and Smoking Policy Statements: An Inventory of Major Health Profession Associations in the United States
Methods: Seventeen national health profession associations were selected, including medicine, nursing, mental health, physical therapy, chiropractic, podiatry, dentistry, vision care, public health, and others. The association websites were searched for policy/position statements that included “smoking” or “tobacco.” After initial screening, policies were reviewed and data entered into a spreadsheet. Statements were evaluated for quality including: importance of the problem, evidence provided, and actionable/feasible strategy. Content was inventoried for major themes.
Results: Of the 17 associations, 14 had publically available statements on tobacco and/or smoking. There was a wide range in policy quality and contents. A majority of policies did not include clear problem statements, evidence, or actionable steps. The majority of the policies mentioned: health hazards, cessation programs, concern for children/minors, and forbade use in association building or events. A minority of associations had policies that included: concern for second hand smoke, special populations in addition to children, promoted warning labels, suggested community involvement, mention e-cigarettes, vapor producers, or other smoking devices. Just over half recommended providers not use or encourage patients not to use tobacco or smoke.
Conclusion: Most of the major US health professions associations have publically available anti-tobacco/smoking policies. Some organizations have detailed policies, but there was wide variety of content. Few policy statements met high quality criteria. Regular review and revision of policies may help to address tobacco abuse and addiction.
Learning Areas:Other professions or practice related to public health
Public health or related public policy
Identify major themes in extant policy statements of health profession associations in the United States. Discuss quality items that should be included in an actionable policy. Describe commonalities and differences in policies in the US that address tobacco and smoking.
Keyword(s): Tobacco Control, Policy/Policy Development
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have met all 3 of the criteria for authorship: 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, and analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the abstract and revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be submitted.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.