Is earthquake preparedness a generic achievement? Similarities and differences between preparedness of Canadian and Israeli hospital personnel
Objectives: 1) To assess knowledge, perceptions, attitudes and WTR of HCW in Canada and Israel concerning earthquakes and 2) To evaluate the relationship between these factors and WTR.
Methods: A validated questionnaire including questions about demographic characteristics, knowledge, perceptions, attitudes and WTR in an earthquake scenario was distributed in two tertiary care hospitals located in risk regions, to a random sample of 131 Israeli and 381 Canadian HCW.
Results: Knowledge, perceptions of efficacy, as well as WTR were generally higher among Israeli HCWs. ‘Concern for family’s well-being’ and ‘professional commitment to care’ were reported by the largest proportion of HCW as factors that might influence WTR. Significant predictors of WTR amongst both Israeli and Canadian HCW were the belief that ‘colleagues will also report to work’ and ‘professional commitment’.
Conclusions: Significant differences were found in levels of knowledge, perceptions, attitudes and WTR in an earthquake scenario between Israeli and Canadian HCW. Social and professional solidarity seems to be cross-cultural factors that mitigate other potential barriers to WTR. This may help formulate new methods of improving hospital personnel preparedness to future events.
Learning Areas:Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe and discuss factors associated with healthcare workers willingness to report to work during and after an earthquake event Compare the above in two different social contexts Formulate new ways to enhance preparedness and reduce adverse phenomena such as staff absenteeism
Keyword(s): Disasters, Emergency Preparedness
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I head the PREPARED Center for Emergency Response Research at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel. I contributed significantly to the academization of preparedness and response to disasters and lead the development of methods and instruments to facilitate studies on (1) injuries and (2) community resiliency. I have published extensively in peer reviewed journals and authored several book chapters about Injury Research Methods and on Disaster Preparedness Assessment.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.