Gender Difference in the Impact of Family Factors on Adolescents Health Lifestyle Developmental Patterns: A Life Course Perspective
Methods: Data was obtained from the Child and Adolescent Behaviors in Long-term Evolution (CABLE) project. Participants included 2415 students (4th grade in 2001, 51.51% male) followed from the 2001 to 2009 in Taiwan. Twelve behavior indicators measuring health lifestyle patterns came from four variables (eating vegetable/fruit every day, physical activity 3 times a week, non-smoking, non-drinking), which repeatedly measured at three time-points of 2007-2009. Longitudinal latent class analysis (LLCA) and multinomial logistic model were used to identify adolescent health lifestyle trajectory patterns and the associated family factors in late childhood and adolescence.
Result: Different health lifestyle trajectory patterns were found in boys (BIC=2229.43) and girls (BIC=1622.51), 4 patterns in boys and 5 in girls. Posterior class membership probability (0.79- 0.94) and item probability suggested quite distinctive classes with good fitting.SES and parental marriage status show significant effect on adolescent lifestyle patterns. Both in boys and girls, parental supervision and parental involvement in childhood and early adolescent stage were positively associated with health lifestyle. Effect of parenting factors became relatively stronger in early adolescent stage. In boys, higher psychological control during early adolescence significantly associated with increased risk of unhealthy lifestyle pattern. The effect SES and parental marriage status were partially mediates by parental supervision.
Conclusion: As hypothesized, parenting significantly affected adolescent health lifestyle. Early life experience has impact on behaviors outcome in later life, and there was evidence of differences in boys and girls. Furthermore, parenting factors may accumulate gradually over child and adolescence stage. Targeting the underlying lifestyle and associated identities may be more effective than focusing on a single behavior. Policy should be considered to build a supportive environment.
Learning Areas:Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Demonstrate how parenting in different life span affects the health lifestyle patterns in adolescence and compare the gender difference
Keyword(s): Behavioral Research, Family Involvement
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a Ph.D candidate that major in health behavior and a major author of this research. I have been a research team member of the Child and Adolescent Behaviors in Long-term Evolution (CABLE) project funded by National Health Research Institutes and Health Promotion Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare in Taiwan since 2007.
My scientific interests have included child and adolescent health behaviors and longitudinal data analysis.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.