Mental Health Status among Asian American Subgroups in NYC
Methods: Community health needs assessments are currently being administered using community-based sampling strategies in 10 Asian immigrant subgroups in NYC, and will be completed in Spring 2015. Approximately 100-200 surveys will be collected per subgroup. Mental health risk is determined using the PHQ-2 scale; a score of ≥3 is considered at-risk. Socio-demographics (age, education), acculturation (time in U.S. and English proficiency), and health-related variables (self-reported BMI and cardiovascular disease risk factor outcomes) will be run by at-risk/not at-risk for poor mental health among each subgroup. A model predicting at-risk for poor mental health will be run for the entire group, adjusting for subgroup.
Results: Preliminary analyses (n=1134) found that Cambodians had the greatest percentage of at-risk scores (39%), followed by Bangladeshi (19%) and Vietnamese (16%); Lower risk was found in Asian Indians (3%), Koreans (6%), Filipinos (8%), and Himalayans (8%). Further analyses will examine subgroups separately focusing on socio-demographics, acculturation, and health-related variables; a final model will predict at-risk for poor mental health for the entire group, adjusting for subgroup. Additional analyses will be run for those considered at risk (the PHQ-9 scale).
Discussion/Conclusions: Mental health status differed by Asian subgroup. It is necessary to identify factors associated with poor mental health among Asian Americans, so that health professionals can better target limited resources within these communities.
Learning Areas:Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Public health or related research
Describe the mental health status of 10 Asian American populations in New York City. Identify factors related to poor mental health among Asian Americans
Keyword(s): Asian Americans, Mental Health
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the Program Manager on the Community Health Resources and Needs Assessment Project for which this poster is based on.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.