Educating nursing students about the secondary prevention of drug and alcohol use
Methods: The curriculum included didactic material on SBIRT and motivational interviewing, role-plays and practice with standardized patients. The knowledge and attitudes of undergraduate nursing students were assessed pre, immediately post and 30-days post program with standardized instruments. Skills and intervention fidelity were assessed immediately post-program and in clinical rotations after completion of the intervention.
Results: Preliminary results with 92 students (with an additional 90 expected in Spring 2015) reported increased knowledge of SBIRT (p<.001), improved attitudes about working with patients who use drugs or alcohol (p=.001), improved perception that intervening related to alcohol and drug use was part of a nursing role, and increased confidence in dealing with substance use issues (p<.001). Students demonstrated baseline competencies in providing the SBIRT intervention.
Conclusions: The development of accurate knowledge and positive attitudes about working with patients who use drugs and alcohol is an important step in effective secondary prevention. The inclusion of teaching skills as part of the SBIRT curriculum provides nursing students with a strong and positive experience with substance use screening early in their professional careers.
Learning Areas:Public health or related education
Public health or related nursing
Identify short and longer-term effects of an SBIRT intervention with undergraduate nursing students. Describe the secondary prevention components of SBIRT.
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use, Health Promotion and Education
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I serve as the evaluator on this educational project; I have served as a researcher and program evaluator for a variety of projects.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.