Community Readiness Model: Addressing Black Infant Mortality Disparity in Columbus, Ohio
Semi-structured key informant interviews with community leaders from in five “hot spot” areas with the highest black infant mortality rates in Franklin County. The interview primarily consisted of open-ended questions within the following five dimensions: community knowledge of the issue, community knowledge of efforts, community climate, leadership, and resources. The interviews were transcribed, and a mixed-method approach was employed using a quantitative scoring process of the CRM and a thematic analysis of key words.
Findings of the Community Readiness assessment validated our study hypothesis about the lack of robust awareness about the issues of black infant mortality amongst community members and leadership. Results from the study helped guide stage-appropriate strategies provided in the CRM. Recommendations to engage the community included unconventional partnerships, target media campaigns, faith community involvement, planned interventions addressing the social determinants of health and engagement of community leaders.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health
Demonstrate the utilization of the Community Readiness Model as it pertains to infant mortality interventions. Identify the 5 dimensions assessed to determine a community's stage of readiness for an intervention.
Keyword(s): Infant Mortality, Health Disparities/Inequities
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As a graduate student at the Ohio State Universityâs College of Public Health, I have experienced many opportunities that have informed me about Maternal and Child Health (MCH) issues. For the past 2 years, I have interned for the Ohio Department of Healthâs (ODH) interim MCH Bureau Chief. Through participating in a myriad of activities at ODH, I have learned that community engagement is critical in working with populations impacted by disparities in health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.