Ensuring access to and appropriate use of medicines for integrated community case management (iCCM): It takes a system
Tuesday, November 3, 2015
: 2:56 p.m. - 3:09 p.m.
iCCM aims to improve access to appropriate treatment for children under five who live far from health facilities by training and supervising community health workers (CHWs) and supplying them with essential commodities. The effectiveness of the CHWs depends on the availability and appropriate use of the commodities. CHWs are in hard-to-reach places, presenting greater challenges for distribution of supplies, reporting, and supervision. To address these challenges, the USAID-funded Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program implements a broader systems strengthening approach, beyond focusing only on the resupply system. For example, in DRC, SIAPS has helped revise the Essential Medicines List and treatment guidelines to include medicines for iCCM, which has created a more supportive policy environment. Information systems and the use of information for appropriate quantification have been the focus of work in DRC, Mali, and Guinea, and, in many other countries, SIAPS has developed capacity of quantification committees to provide more accurate forecasts. In Burundi and Guinea, training, job aids, and supervision has improved the ability of CHWs to practice rational use and assure availability of commodities. In a recent survey in Burundi, all 37 observed CHWs provided and administered the correct treatment and counseling, with 74% of CHWs observing the child after the first dose. SIAPS supported a costing exercise in Burundi which was utilized to mobilize resources for iCCM expansion. Although the recent inclusion of iCCM activities in Global Fund grants is a significant opportunity for ministries of health to scale-up iCCM to reduce child mortality and morbidity rates, it is also a serious coordination challenge that must be addressed if iCCM is to succeed.
Public health or related public policy
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health
Describe examples of pharmaceutical systems strengthening interventions in the context of iCCM
Identify how pharmaceutical systems strengthening contributes to improved availability and use of commodities
Keyword(s): Community Health Workers and Promoters, Child Health
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: At the global level, I am the lead technical person for iCCM activities from the USAID/SIAPS MCH portfolio team and I participate on several global working groups on iCCM. In addition I have been overseeing and managing TA for CCM and iCCM in several USAID/SIAPS-supported countries and was involved as a team member in the Burundi CCM evaluation.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.