Disaster Exposure and Health Impacts Among Children
Methods: S-CAFH is an observational cohort study of 1,000 randomly sampled New Jersey households exposed to the storm. In-person interviews were conducted with one adult in each household (completed Feb 2015) and with one sampled child between the ages of 10-17 at the time of the storm (completed May 2015). Parents report on their child’s incident health conditions, mental health and emotional distress, high-risk behaviors, and academic outcomes. Adolescents are surveyed about their experience and perception of types of direct exposure, including sense of life threat, physical harm, material damage or loss, social disruption, and displacement, as well as their perception of their health status, high-risk behaviors, coping and self-efficacy, and academic outcomes.
Findings: Over 40% of parents reported mental health distress among their children. Households with children were particularly vulnerable, and were more likely to report loss of jobs and significant financial constraints after the storm. A structural equation model estimates the combined effects of individual, household, and communal factors on children’s health.
Conclusions: Household and communal contextual factors are significant factors in children’s health and well-being.
Learning Areas:Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences
Identify different types and magnitude of disaster exposure among children affected by a natural hazard. Assess the relationship among social factors, household factors and children's health and well-being.
Keyword(s): Disasters, Adolescents
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the Study Director of the Sandy Child and Family Health Study, and have conducted a number of other disaster studies of the impact of disasters on children, including among children exposed to Hurricane Katrina and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.