Online Program

Trends in violence-related behavior among high school students who consume alcohol on and off school property

Tuesday, November 3, 2015 : 3:10 p.m. - 3:30 p.m.

Khiya Marshall, DrPH, Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Brandi Martell, MPH, Office on Smoking and Health, Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA
Mark Stevens, MSPH, MA, Division of Analysis, Research and Practice Integration, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta
background: Violence and alcohol use are major public health problems among youth. This study analyzed trends in violence-related behavior among high school students reporting drinking alcohol on and off school property.

methods: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System data from 1993-2011 were analyzed to identify trends in violence-related behavior (i.e., carried weapon at school, fighting at school, feeling unsafe at school or on the way to or from school) by setting of alcohol consumption. SAS-callable SUDAAN v11.0.1 was used for data analyses and significant breaks in linear trends were identified using JoinPoint v4.1.0.

results/outcomes: Of 147,419 students surveyed, 8,413 (5.7%) reported drinking at school, and 54,496 (37.0%) off-school property. From 1993-1999, there was a significant (p<0.01) decrease for carrying a weapon on school property among students who drank alcohol at school and those who drank off-school property. From 1993-2001 students who drank at school reported a significant (p<0.01) decrease in fighting on school property; however, fighting significantly (p<0.05) increased for this group from 2001-2011. Fighting among students who drank off-school property significantly (p<0.0001) decreased from 1993-2011. Among students who drank (at school and off-school property), there was a significant (p<0.01) increase in youth who reported feeling unsafe at school or on their way to or from school from 1993-2011.

conclusion: The trend data show variability in the percentage of students who report drinking and engaging in violence-related behaviors since the late 1990’s. The implementation of evidence-based alcohol and violence prevention programs in schools and communities could support improvements in both risk behaviors.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe trends in violence-related behaviors among high school students who drink.

Keyword(s): Alcohol Use, Youth Violence

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have lead programs focused on researching and evaluating youth violence prevention programs. Among my scientific interests has been the implementation and evaluation of evidence-based youth violence prevention programs/strategies.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.