Pressure to take shortcuts predicts injury-related absences among construction workers
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1,775 construction workers, which assessed pressure to take shortcut and whether they got pressure came from contractor/employer, union steward, coworkers or due to fast-pace/tight schedule. Multiple logistic regression analyses controlled for job satisfaction and demographic, site, and trade characteristics.
Results: Exertion of pressure to take shortcut occurred most due to fast-paced work/tight schedule (79%) followed by pressure from contractor/employer (55.8%), coworkers (49.8%) and union steward (15.8%). Analyses revealed dose-response association between amount of pressure and injury-related absence among construction workers. Compared to those reporting never experiencing pressure, odds of injury-rated absence were significantly higher for those reporting pressure from (1) fast pace/tight schedule always (OR 1.83; 95%CI 1.06-3.16), usually (OR 1.76; 95%CI 1.22-2.54), and sometimes (OR 1.41; 95%CI 1.06-1.88) and (2) contractor/employer always (OR 5.29; 95%CI 1.56-17.93), usually (OR 2.13; 95%CI 1.39-3.28), and sometimes (OR 1.36; 95%CI 1.06-1.73). Pressure from co-workers was significant only when it was always (OR 3.16; 95%CI 1.36-7.35) and sometimes (OR 1.47; 95%CI 1.15-1.88). Associations with pressure from union steward were not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Construction workers report pressure to take shortcuts in safety practice coming from multiple influencers at the workplace. Addressing these pressures are important to redressing high injury and injury-related absences among construction workers.
Learning Areas:Occupational health and safety
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences
Explain from whom construction workers feel pressure to take shortcuts Describe how pressure to take shortcut relates to injury-related absences Describe one action to address occupational injury among construction workers
Keyword(s): Workforce Development, Occupational Health and Safety
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been working on issues related to occupational health and safety, especially in relation to construction workers' health for the past ten years. I am the primary investigator with the dataset associated with the study and have used it for numerous analyses related to construction workers' health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.