Online Program

Application of the Intervention Mapping Framework to an Oral-Systemic Intervention for Eating Disorders Prevention

Wednesday, November 4, 2015

Jennifer Bleck, MPH, Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Rita DeBate, PhD, MPH, FAED, FAAHB, Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Kaitlin Taylor, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Herb Severson, PhD, Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR
Background: Addressing the prevention of oral/systemic health issues relies on evidence-based, public health interventions across various system-level target groups. Although the use of theory and evidence-based approaches has been encouraged in developing oral health behavior change programs, the translation of theoretical constructs and principles to behavior change interventions has not been well described. Based on a series of six systematic steps, Intervention Mapping provides a framework for effective decision making with regard to developing, implementing, and evaluating theory and evidence-informed, system-based, behavior change programs.

Methods: The authors describe the application of the Intervention Mapping Framework employed to develop the EAT (Evaluate, Assess, Treat) framework within the development of a web-based intervention.  The intervention, entitled “Evaluating, Assessing, and Treating Sensitive Oral Systemic Health Topics: Case Studies on Oral Manifestations of Eating Disorders” aimed to increase the capacity of oral health providers to engage in secondary prevention of oral-systemic issues associated with disordered eating behaviors.

Results: Examples of data and deliverables for each step are described in detail. Additionally, guided by the Re-AIM evaluation framework, result from the randomized control trial indicated substantial improvements among participants in the Intervention group (effect sizes ranged from.51 to.83) on all six outcomes of interest.

Conclusion: Implications include improving the translation of theory and evidence-informed approaches to evidence-based oral/systemic interventions with the goal of improving health and quality of life.

Learning Areas:

Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
List steps as part of the Intervention Mapping framework. Describe how to translate theoretical constructs into practical applications via matrices of change. Describe how the Intervention Mapping framework can be used to adapt evidence-based interventions.

Keyword(s): Theory, Evidence-Based Practice

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a 3rd year doctoral student working on this project with advanced senior investigators. I have extensive theory, planning, and evaluation training and have worked with this project for 3 years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.