Physical Activity Improves Health and Reduces Medical Cost
Methods: A three year retrospective study (n = 5,060) abstracted from a large US medical insurer was analyzed. Complex sample frequencies and logistic regression analysis were utilized to calculate prevalence estimates and odds ratios, respectively, focusing on biometrics and claims cost.
Results: Active persons had 11.7% lower medical costs than sedentary persons. Beginning a moderately active lifestyle brought about a one year reduction in medical claims costs by 42.4%. Sedentary participants were more likely to be overweight 2.1 (95%CI 1.24-3.70) and have diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 90 or above 1.3 (95%CI 0.77-2.27) than those who were active. The effect was more pronounced among women, with sedentary women being more likely to be overweight 3.7 (95%CI 0.43-3.19) and have elevated DBP 1.6 (95%CI 1.62-8.36) compared to active women.
The effect is strongest among mid-life and older adults. The sedentary population over 60 were more likely to be overweight 6.1 (95%CI 1.88-19.60), have systolic blood pressure of 120 or above 10.5 (95%CI 2.08-46.82), and DBP 5.4 (95%CI 1.81-16.02) than their active counterparts. Furthermore, sedentary 50-59 year olds are more likely to be overweight 3.3 (95%CI 1.28-8.28) than their active peers.
Conclusion: Physical activity has a beneficial impact on medical costs and is highly effective at reducing hypertension and obesity, especially for mid-life and older adults.
Learning Areas:Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Explain how increased physically activity has a beneficial impact on health and medical cost of mid-life and older adults.
Keyword(s): Physical Activity, Aging
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a bio-statistical research analyst and doctoral student with a strong background research design and wellness. Among my scientific interests has been engaging working populations in preventative health measures and data analysis.
Any relevant financial relationships? Yes
|Name of Organization||Clinical/Research Area||Type of relationship|
|Onlife Health||Informatics||Employment (includes retainer)|
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.