Making the Case: Community Impact of the Criminal Justice System and How Planning and Policy Promote Health
Description:The US alone incarcerates 25% of all people incarcerated worldwide. One in every 31 American adults, or 7.3 million Americans, are in prison, on parole or probation. Approximately one in every 18 men in the US is behind bars or being monitored by the criminal justice system. The criminal justice population has higher rates of disease than the general population including communicable disease (i.e. TB, HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis A, B and C, and other STIs), aging-related chronic health conditions (i.e. Hypertension and Diabetes), and behavioral health conditions (i.e. mental health and substance use).
Lessons Learned: Over 90% of those in correctional facilities will return to their communities. Community and jail collaborations resulting in linkages to care and services are best practices designed to address the fragmentation of health care for impacted communities. The Affordable Care Act has createdincreased opportunity for such collaborations that connect incarcerated individuals with community services inclusive of medical and behavioral health needs, who were previously without access. Transitional services that address the complex array of needs faced by the criminal justice population promote healthy community integration after incarceration.
Recommendations: Collaborations between jails and community should serve as a guide for planning and policy development to improve the health of communities with the greatest health disparities.
Learning Areas:Program planning
Demonstrate the impact of the criminal justice system on communities. Discuss evidence of the need for trans-disciplinary and trans-agency collaborations and policies to pro-actively work with systems and patients, and identify resources for best practices.
Keyword(s): Community Health Planning, Criminal Justice
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am working in the field of correctional public health and developed new policies and approaches for working with justice involved populations and helping transition people from NYC jails including Rikers Island to the community.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.