Online Program

Social cognitive theory predictors of HPV vaccination intentions among college women at a southeastern university

Tuesday, November 3, 2015 : 4:50 p.m. - 5:10 p.m.

Hannah Priest, CHES, MAED, Department of Health Science, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL
Adam Knowlden, CHES, MBA, MS, Ph.D., Department of Health Science, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL
Manoj Sharma, MBBS, MCHES, Ph.D., School of Health Sciences, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS
Christine Hackman, PhD, CHES, CSCS, Kinesiology Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States, with approximately 50 percent of sexually active individuals acquiring HPV at least once in their lifetime. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to operationalize the social cognitive theory (SCT) constructs of expectations, self-control, self-efficacy for getting HPV vaccine, self-efficacy for overcoming barriers to get HPV vaccine, situational perception about the HPV vaccine, and HPV knowledge to predict behavioral intention to get HPV vaccine in the next six months. Methods: Instrumentation involved a panel of six experts to evaluate face and content validity, Cronbach’s alpha to assess internal consistency, and multivariate regression to gauge predictive validity. Results: A total of 197 unvaccinated, undergraduate women between 18 and 26 years of age, from a large southeastern university were surveyed (α = 0.05, 1-β = 0.80, ρ = 0.20). Approximately 91% of respondents had heard of HPV, and 88.3% had heard of the HPV vaccine. Participants’ intentions were in the mid range, with a mean intention of 5.44 out of 12. Situational perception (β= 0.332) and self-control (β= 0.292) were significant predictors (p < 0.001), accounting for approximately 23.5%% of HPV vaccination intentions. Conclusions: The instrumentation process resulted in a psychometrically valid and reliable tool to predict HPV vaccination intentions in college women. Results of this study suggest that practitioners should target situational perception about the HPV vaccine and self-control for getting the HPV vaccine within interventions to increase HPV vaccination intentions among college women.

Learning Areas:

Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
Explain the importance of HPV vaccination for college women. Describe the process of developing an instrument that utilizes social cognitive theory-based constructs for predicting HPV vaccination intentions of college women. Design a social cognitive theory-based HPV vaccination intervention for college women.

Keyword(s): Immunizations, Cancer and Women’s Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have helped conceptualize the study, develop the inclusion criteria, collect the data, and analyze the data.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.