Online Program

Effect of household food insecurity on adolescents' behavior problems

Sunday, November 1, 2015

Jeniffer Hyunjin Kim, MSW, Daejon Welfare Foundation, Daejon, Korea, Republic of (South)
In Han Song, PhD, Institute of Convergence Science, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)

Background: Several previous studies have examined the relationship between meal skipping and socio-emotional development of adolescents. However, the measurements for meal skipping do not represent the meal skipping due to poverty. This study focuses on ‘household food insecurity’ to combine meal-skipping and poverty to examine the relationship between the household food insecurity and adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing behavior problems with the moderating effect of community activity.

Method: Korean Children and Youth General Survey data were used for analysis. The total of 2306 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years were examined. The random effect model was used to estimate the association between the household food insecurity and behavior problems using the measurements of Korea Household Food Security Survey(K-HFSS), Korea Child Behavior Checklist(K-CBCL), and 17 community activities, controlling for sex, age, family income, caregiver’s education, caregiver’s employment status, parent-child affinity, child abuse, and community environment acquaintance.

Results: Of 2306 adolescents in the study, 50.9% reported experiencing household food insecurity, 10.5% had internalizing behavior problems, and 10.1% had externalizing behavior problems. The household food insecurity positively increased both behavior problems. The moderating effect of activity participation was verified that it decreased both behavior problems of household food insecurity adolescents.

Conclusion: The household food insecurity is statistically significant with internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. In addition, the activity participation is statistically significant in decreasing the behavior problems of adolescents. We suggest the encouragement of adolescents’ community participation programs as well as food programs for the household as a whole instead of individual adolescents.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related education
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Analyze the relationship between the household food insecurity and adolescents’ behavior problems Identify the moderating effect of community activity

Keyword(s): Food Security, Adolescents

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: as a faculty supervisor, I designed the study together, analyzed the data, and wrote the abstract together.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.