Impact of Parental Mental Health Symptomology on Parenting Practices among Parents at Risk of Child Maltreatment: A Tale of Mothers and Fathers
Methods/Approach: This presentation will explore effects of mental health symptomology on parenting outcomes among both mothers (n=49) and fathers (n=39) of different family units, using baseline data from randomized controlled trials testing the efficacy of SafeCare®, an evidence-based parenting program for families at risk of CM. Specifically, results from bivariate and multivariate analyses will highlight the significant roles of depression and anxiety in predicting four parenting outcomes: non-violent discipline, minor physical assault, psychological aggression, and neglect.
Findings: While bivariate correlations indicated a high correlation between anxiety and depressive symptomology (r=.77, p<.001), a significantly higher mean of depressive symptomology was reported among mothers (p=.037) than fathers. Regression analyses suggest important associations, including that mothers and fathers reporting greater anxiety symptomology were significantly more likely to report higher frequency of neglect (p<.001), psychological aggression (p<.001) and minor physical assault (p<.001) in the past year.
Implications: These findings warrant examination of current approaches to mental health and CM prevention practices, given decreasing public health budgets. Important policy implications at programmatic and legislative levels will be discussed.
Learning Areas:Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe the effects of known risk factors for child abuse and neglect on four parenting practices Compare differences and similarities in mental health symptomology and other risk factors between mothers and fathers at risk of child abuse and neglect Discuss the implications of these research findings for evidence-based parenting programs, and policy at the programmatic and legislative levels
Keyword(s): Mental Health, Child Abuse
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have worked as the RCT project coordinator and am familiar with the data. In addition, I conducted the analyses included in this presentation. I have also worked as a Doctoral Candidate and graduate research assistant in the National SafeCare Training and Research Center for the last 3 years. My research interests include child abuse and neglect, and parent mental health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.