Self-Rated Health and Depression among Green Collar Workers: Job Demand-Control Pathways to Health
Methods: A structural equation model (SEM) was used to evaluate the relationship of GCW status with self-rated health and depression through O*NET job psychosocial demand-control mediators. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data from 2004-2012 (n=109,251 workers) with occupation-specific information linked from O*NET were analyzed. Direct and indirect pathways to health outcomes were estimated controlling for confounders.
Results/Outcomes: Working in a green collar job is directly associated with slightly poorer self-rated health and negligibly more depression when controlling for the psychosocially passive nature of the occupation. Direct effects of green collar work are smaller or non-existent when controlling for the psychosocially active, high strain, and low strain characteristics of jobs. GCW are more likely to work in occupations that are active, not passive and this indirectly positively impacts health outcomes.
Conclusion: GCW self-rated health and depression are not substantially different from non-GCW. However, there are small effects on health through the demand-control characteristics of green collar occupations. Linkage of health information with specific occupational exposure data provides valuable information about the specific occupational mechanisms affecting health. This knowledge allows employers and policy makers to address the occupation exposures most relevant to health.
Learning Areas:Environmental health sciences
Occupational health and safety
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe how to link data from the National Health Interview Survey with data from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) and benefits of doing this Evaluate the relationship between employment in green collar occupations and self-rated health and depression. Compare the direct and indirect pathways from green collar work to health outcomes by way of occupational characteristics.
Keyword(s): Environmental Health, Occupational Health and Safety
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a professor of public health sciences and principal investigator (PI) of the federal reesarch grant funding this study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.