Online Program

Assessing religious involvement and prostate cancer beliefs and self-efficacy to screening in a faith-based CBPR project

Monday, November 2, 2015 : 8:50 a.m. - 9:10 a.m.

Daisy Le, MPH/MA, Department of Behavioral & Community Health (BCH) - CHAMP Lab, University of Maryland, College Park - School of Public Health, College Park, MD
Cheryl L. Holt, PhD, Department of Behavioral and Community Health; School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD
Min Qi Wang, PhD, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD
Jimmie Slade, MA, Community Ministry of Prince George's County, Upper Marlboro, MD
Bettye Muwwakkil, PhD, Access to Wholistic and Productive Living Institute, Inc, Largo
Michael Naslund, MD, MBA, Division of Urology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
Background: African American men are 60% more likely to develop prostate cancer and have the highest mortality rate of any racial/ethnic group in the United States. Given the popularity of church-based cancer education programs for African Americans, it is important to determine the association between religious involvement on selected psychosocial constructs for this already targeted group of individuals.

Methods: The Men’s Prostate Awareness Church Training (M-PACT) project aims to increase informed decision-making for prostate cancer screening among African American men. This group randomized controlled trial consists of a spiritually-grounded 4-part men’s health workshop series delivered in 18 churches and aims to compare a men’s only workshop format versus a health partner approach. Correlations and linear regression analyses were used to estimate the association between religious involvement and prostate cancer screening knowledge, beliefs, barriers, and self-efficacy.

Results: Results are from 289 baseline participants (N=192 men-only; N=97 health partner) and 221 participants to date from the 12-month follow-up assessment (N=155 men-only; N=66 health partner). Initial data analyses show non-significant associations between religious involvement and prostate cancer knowledge and perceived barriers to screening at the 12-month follow-up assessment. Religious involvement was, however, a significant predictor for an individual’s prostate cancer beliefs and self-efficacy for prostate cancer screening (p<0.05), with scores on self-efficacy high at both baseline and the 12-month follow-up assessment.

Conclusion: Future church-based prostate cancer prevention programs may be enhanced by tailoring its’ educational components on beliefs and self-efficacy to the level of religious involvement shared at individual congregations.

Learning Areas:

Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe elements of community-based participatory research (CBPR). List the differences between a traditional research approach and a community-engaged approach. Discuss preliminary results from the baseline and 12-month follow-up assessments and their implications for future faith-based prostate cancer prevention programs.

Keyword(s): Cancer, Community-Based Research (CBPR)

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the student investigator on this four-year ACS funded project. I am also a UMD faculty research assistant & doctoral candidate working under the guidance of Dr. Cheryl Holt (PI) supporting the CHAMP lab in the areas of cancer, health disparities, & health communication among others. I currently assist with research grants centered on community/faith-based and culturally appropriate interventions. My research interests include CBPR and cancer prevention, care, and control among minority populations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.