Two Initiatives Worth their Weight in Salt
Philadelphia, PA and Shandong Province, China, have high incidence of hypertension relative to the national average: both are working through community and policy approaches to help reduce their burden of hypertension.
The Shandong Ministry of Health Action on Salt and Hypertension (SMASH) is a comprehensive salt reduction project aimed to reduce salt intake by 20% in 5 years. A collaboration of China’s national and Shandong’s provincial government, one aspect of SMASH is the work through restaurants to reduce salt in cuisine. This includes: development of sodium standards for Shandong cuisine and lower salt menus; conducting chef training and chef contests for reformulated lower salt recipes, monitor salt usage in cuisine, and development of health communication aimed to increase consumer knowledge and awareness.
The Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PDPH) and Temple University’s Center for Asian Health launched the Healthy Chinese Take-out Initiative (HCTI) in 2012 to reduce the sodium content in take-out dishes by 10-15%. Owners/chefs receive cooking trainings, technical assistance and sodium resources. Additional PDPH sodium reduction efforts include a salt media campaign and implementation of nutrition standards within City departments.
SMASH and the HCTI have similar goals and approaches; sharing the experiences of each program and leveraging resources has helped to enhance both programs. This presentation will provide details of both programs, the implementation and respective evaluation efforts.
Learning Areas:Chronic disease management and prevention
Public health or related public policy
Describe two health policy implementation and evaluation efforts to reduce hypertension. Discuss the opportunity and benefit of collaboration to improve, enhance, and leverage resources for potentially greater health impact Compare two similar yet distinct approaches to improving the food environment to impact community health. Identify the methodology for program and policy implementation and evaluation.
Keyword(s): Community-Based Health, Health Promotion and Education
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal investigator and/or co-principal investigator of multiple federally funded grants focusing on Behavioral Health Intervention Trials, Health Disparities/Transcultural Health Care (Asian Americans and Ethnic Minority Populations) Cancer Prevention and Intervention for over the past decade.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.