Online Program

Applying the public health approach to sexual violence primary prevention in Indiana: Assessing the needs of our communities

Sunday, November 1, 2015

Katherine Gasiorowski, MPH, Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Indianapolis, IN
Megan Mullins, PhD, Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Indianapolis, IN
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has been applying the public health approach to national violence prevention efforts for many years. However, this approach is a newer paradigm for community level violence prevention efforts, particularly those focused on preventing sexual violence (SV). The initial step of the public health approach is to define and monitor the problem, using data (both quantitative and qualitative) to understand baseline and trends of violence statistics and indicators of risk factors. The Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence (ICADV), utilizing Rape Prevention and Education funding, assisted eight community organizations around Indiana with assessing the SV risk factors of their communities. These communities range from rural to urban, with representative populations from all geographic regions of the state. Data was collected through the collection of secondary data, key informant interviews, community surveys, focus groups, and observation methods on risk factors across the socioecological model (i.e., poverty and economic factors, family environment, psychosocial factors and drug/alcohol abuse). ICADV compiled the findings of participating communities into one statewide profile of SV risk factors in Indiana. Based on their findings, these eight communities are now currently developing SV primary prevention plans to address the specific risk factors affecting their communities.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Program planning
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Define community needs assessment Describe how the public health approach can be applied to social issues Name risk factors of sexual violence Identify at least three methods of collecting data for an assessment

Keyword(s): Sexual Assault, Community Health Assessment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the Rape Prevention and Education Coordinator at the Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence, and graduated with my Masters of Public Health from the Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health at IUPUI in Indianapolis. ICADV’s focus on primary prevention aligns with my educational background, as sexual violence prevention moves towards the public health approach.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.